Vet or Medical Doctor: Which Path is Right for You?
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Vet or Medical Doctor: Which Path is Right for You?

Ari Horesh

Choosing a career in healthcare is a noble and rewarding decision. But when it comes to deciding between becoming a veterinarian (vet) or a medical doctor (MD), the choice can be a tough one. Both professions involve years of education, training, and dedication. In this article, we'll explore the key differences between these two career paths, factors to consider, and help you determine which path is the right one for you.

Education and Training

Both vets and medical doctors need extensive education and training. Let's compare the educational requirements and training for each profession.


  • Complete a bachelor's degree (typically in biology, animal science, or a related field)
  • Earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) from an accredited veterinary school (4 years)
  • Pass the North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVLE)
  • Optional: Complete a 1-2 year residency or internship for specialization

Medical Doctors

  • Complete a bachelor's degree (usually in biology, chemistry, or a related field)
  • Earn a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) from an accredited medical school (4 years)
  • Pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) or the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX)
  • Complete a 3-7 year residency, depending on the chosen medical specialty
  • Optional: Pursue a fellowship for further specialization

Scope of Practice

The scope of practice for veterinarians and medical doctors is another key factor to consider.


  • Treat various animal species, ranging from small pets to large farm animals and wildlife
  • Diagnose and treat medical conditions, perform surgeries, and provide preventative care
  • Prescribe medications and develop treatment plans
  • Work in various settings such as private clinics, animal hospitals, zoos, research labs, and government agencies

Medical Doctors

  • Diagnose and treat human patients with various medical conditions
  • Perform surgeries, prescribe medications, and develop treatment plans
  • Choose from over 120 medical specialties and subspecialties
  • Work in diverse settings such as hospitals, private practices, research institutions, and public health organizations

Job Prospects and Earnings

Both veterinary and medical professions offer promising job prospects and competitive earnings. However, there are some differences worth noting.


  • According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment of veterinarians is projected to grow 16% between 2019 and 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations.
  • The median annual wage for veterinarians was $99,250 in May 2020.
  • Earnings can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and specialization.

Medical Doctors

  • The BLS predicts a 4% growth in employment for physicians and surgeons between 2019 and 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations.
  • The median annual wage for physicians and surgeons was equal to or greater than $208,000 in May 2020.
  • Earnings can vary significantly based on factors such as specialty, experience, and location.

Personal Interests and Aptitude

When deciding between a career as a vet or a medical doctor, consider your personal interests and aptitude.


  • Passion for working with animals and their owners
  • Strong communication skills to interact with pet owners and colleagues
  • Ability to handle emotional situations, such as euthanasia or dealing with grieving pet owners
  • Comfortable working with various animal species and in diverse environments
  • Interest in animal health, welfare, and public health

Medical Doctors

  • Passion for working with human patients and their families
  • Excellent communication skills to interact with patients, families, and healthcare teams
  • Ability to handle high-pressure situations, complex decision-making, and emotional stress
  • Interest in human physiology, pathology, and advancing medical knowledge
  • Desire to make a positive impact on individual and community health

Work-Life Balance

Work-life balance is another aspect to consider when choosing between a career as a vet or a medical doctor.


  • Work schedules can vary, with some vets working regular business hours, while others may work nights, weekends, or be on-call for emergencies.
  • Depending on the practice setting, vets may experience less demanding schedules compared to medical doctors.
  • The work environment can be physically demanding and sometimes hazardous, with potential exposure to aggressive animals or diseases.

Medical Doctors

  • Physicians often work long hours, including nights, weekends, and holidays, especially during residency training.
  • Depending on the specialty, some doctors may experience more predictable schedules and better work-life balance (e.g., dermatology, allergy/immunology, or radiology).
  • The work environment can be highly stressful, with high stakes decision-making and potential exposure to infectious diseases.

Final Thoughts: Vet or Medical Doctor?

Ultimately, choosing between a career as a vet or a medical doctor comes down to your personal interests, passions, and goals. Both professions offer the opportunity to make a meaningful impact on the lives of their patients, whether they are humans or animals.

Consider the following questions when making your decision:

  1. Are you more passionate about working with animals or humans?
  2. Which educational and training path aligns with your interests and aptitude?
  3. How important is work-life balance to you, and which profession better suits your desired lifestyle?
  4. Do the job prospects and earnings align with your financial and professional goals?

Take the time to carefully consider your options, talk to professionals in both fields, and perhaps even gain some hands-on experience through volunteering or internships. Your choice should be based on a combination of personal interests, aptitude, and the practical aspects of each profession. Remember, the journey to becoming a vet or a medical doctor is a long and challenging one, but it can also be incredibly rewarding and fulfilling.

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